Sauna has many beneficial effects on our body. Through sweating it releases abundance of toxins and activates blood circulation. Sauna is always accompanied by temperature contrasts. Depending on the relative humidity inside the enclosure, the sauna may be moist or dry. The wet sauna, where the temperature does not exceed 70 ° C and the relative humidity is very high, is known as Turkish bath. The dry sauna, with temperatures between 80 ° and 90 ° C and a minimum humidity, never exceeding 20%, is known as "Finnish sauna" or simply "sauna". When one speaks of "sauna" it is usually referred to the dry sauna.
Wet sauna or Turkish bath
The Turkish bath or hamam is a hot steam bath that oscillates over 55 ° C with a relative humidity of around 100%. They are usually airtight rooms where these conditions are maintained. Originally a system of heat rooms at different temperatures. There are three rooms that are staggered in their temperature; the first is at 25 ° C, the second at 40 ° C and the third at almost 60 ° C. Combining dry heat and wet heat with cold and massages providing benefits very similar to those of the Finnish sauna, albeit with less demands and impact. The physical demands are important. It is contraindicated to people with hypertension or with circulatory or cardiac disorders. Always have a medical consultation before you start using them.
Dry or Finnish Sauna
The dry sauna is of Finnish origin (2 million saunas for 5.2 million inhabitants). It is a very common practice in Scandinavia, where the temperature in the interior reaches 70-100 ° C and nakedness is natural and almost mandatory. Inside, the dry saunas are lined with wood and the cabins are heated by firewood or electric power.